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Burden of Ovine Fasiolosis in Sherka Woreda Arsi, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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Research Article

Burden of Ovine Fasiolosis in Sherka Woreda Arsi, Ethiopia

Yoseph Cherinet Megerssa1*, Tafa Bekele Jima2, Yemsrach Miressa Diriba3 and Fanos Tadesse W/Mariyam1

1College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

2Shirka Woreda Office of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Ethiopia

3Akaki Woreda Office of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Yoseph Cherinet Megerssa
College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture
Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251911804383
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 17, 2017 Accepted Date: February 09, 2017 Published Date:February 11, 2017

Citation: Megerssa YC, Jima TB, Diriba YM, W/Mariyam FT (2017) Burden of Ovine Fasiolosis in Shirka Woreda Arsi, Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 8: 426. doi: 10.4262/2157-7579.1000426

Copyright: © 2017 Megerssa YC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Fasciolosis is an important helminthic infection causing economic losses due to morbidity and mortality thereby contributing to loss in productivity to livestock industry in Ethiopia. A cross sectional study was, therefore, conducted from December 2015 to April 2016 to determine the prevalence of ovine fasciolosis in four peasant associations in Shirka Woreda, Arsi, Ethiopia. Sedimentation technique was employed to detect Fasciola eggs during the study. A total of 384 sheep were involved in the study amongst which 118 were found to be positive with an overall prevalence of 30.70 per cent. Zenbabahella, Hanu Jawe, Sole Ferekesa and HelaTijoSero peasant associations (PAs) accounted for 35, 30.8, 34.8 and 23.076 per cent, respectively. The prevalence of fasciolosis was associated with different variables. Young sheep (31.62%) showed higher prevalence rate than adult sheep (29.6%). Prevalence of fasciolosis by sex was 35% and 29.2% in male and female, respectively. In addition, sheep with poor body condition (34%) showed higher prevalence than their counterparts. Over all, none of the variables has shown statistical difference (p>0.05). Therefore, based on the above information ovine fasciolosis was prevalent in the studied areas and could be potential basis for economic loss in these areas. Thus strategies aimed at the parasite and its intermediate host as well appropriate grazing management practices in the study area are recommended.

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