alexa Cadmium and Lead Levels in Some Vegetables Sold in Abidjan and Estimated Dietary Intakes in the Ivorian Adult
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Cadmium and Lead Levels in Some Vegetables Sold in Abidjan and Estimated Dietary Intakes in the Ivorian Adult

Koffi KM1,2*, Kouadio AI2, Biego GHM1,3 Saki SJ4, Ake AY2 and Kouadio LP3

1Laboratory of Biochemistry and Food Sciences (LABSA), UFR Biosciences, University Felix Houphouet-Boigny, 25 BP 313 Abidjan 25, Cote d’Ivoire

2Central Laboratory for Food, Hygiene and Agro-Industry (LCHAI), National Laboratory for Agriculture Development Support (LANADA), Department of Animal Production and Fish Resources, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

3Department of Public Health, Hydrology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, University of Felix Houphouet-Boigny, BP 34 Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire

4Laboratory of Biotechnology and Food Sciences (LABSA), UFR Biosciences, University Felix Houphouet-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 25, Cote d’Ivoire

*Corresponding Author:
Koffi kouamé Mathias
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Food Sciences (LABSA)
UFR Biosciences, University Felix Houphouet-Boigny
25 BP 313 Abidjan 25, Cote d’Ivoire
Tel: (225)07854371
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 13, 2013; Accepted date: December 27, 2013; Published date: December 31, 2013

Citation: Koffi KM, Kouadio AI, Biego GHM, Saki SJ, Ake AY, et al. (2013) Cadmium and Lead Levels in Some Vegetables Sold in Abidjan and Estimated Dietary Intakes in the Ivorian Adult. J Nutr Food Sci 4:251. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000251

Copyright: © 2013 Koffi KM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This study was conducted after the dumping of toxic waste in Abidjan by the ‘’Probo Koala’’. It aimed to determine the level of cadmium and lead in some Abidjan markets vegetables and to assess the dietary intake in the Ivorian adult. To this end, 648 samples of some vegetables were collected from markets in the district of Abidjan during the year 2009 according to the method of the consumer basket. These samples, after wet mineralization were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The average concentration of cadmium is 25.8 ± 15.5 μg/kg. For lead, the concentration is 105.5 ± 80.0 μg/kg. The weekly intakes were estimated at 13.9 ± 8.35 μg/week and 56.9 ± 43.12 μg/week, respectively for cadmium and lead, that is 3.31% and 3.79% of the Tolerable Weekly Intake of these micro pollutants. However, for an adult Ivorian eating mainly vegetables the associated health risks were much higher because the estimated intakes would be 188.8 ± 113.4 and 771.9 ± 585.4 μg/week, respectively for cadmium and lead, which would represent 44.9% and 51.5% of the tolerable weekly intake of these metals.

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