alexa Calcium and Vitamin D Related Knowledge in 16-18 Years Old Adolescents: Does Living in Urban or Rural Areas Matter?
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Calcium and Vitamin D Related Knowledge in 16-18 Years Old Adolescents: Does Living in Urban or Rural Areas Matter?

Dewan Taslima Akhter1*, Riaz Uddin2*, Dilshad Yasmin2 and Rajia Sultana Nijhu2

1Department of Pharmacy, East West University, Jahurul Islam City, Aftabnagar, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

2Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51-Siddeswari Road, Dhaka 1217, Bangladesh

These authors contributed equally to this work

*Corresponding Authors:
Dewan Taslima Akhter
Department of Pharmacy, East West University
Jahurul Islam City, Aftabnagar, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Tel: 880 1749 995 6
E-mail: [email protected]
Riaz Uddin
Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh
51-Siddeswari Road, Dhaka 1217, Bangladesh
Tel: 880 1749 995 6
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 26, 2013; Accepted date: November 09, 2013; Published date: November 12, 2013

Citation: Akhter DT, Uddin R, Yasmin D, Nijhu RS, et al. (2013) Calcium and Vitamin D Related Knowledge in 16-18 Years Old Adolescents: Does Living in Urban or Rural Areas Matter? J Nutr Food Sci 3:240. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000240

Copyright: © 2013 Akhter DT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: Vitamin D deficiency is very common in Bangladesh. However, there is scanty of literature available about the knowledge of calcium and vitamin D in 16-18 years old adolescents. The present study has been conducted to determine whether a lack of knowledge exists in this age group about these nutrients and to find out the correlation between students’ living in urban or rural areas.
Methods: We conducted a cross sectional survey in 2992 students living in urban (62.6%) and rural (37.4%) areas aged between 16-18 years. We followed a 2 step sampling technique. 6 colleges from both urban and rural areas were selected by convenience of the interviewers and then required sample size was calculated from the number of students of each college. The students filled up a questionnaire after a detailed briefing about the study by the interviewer.
Result: We found that many of the students, both from urban and rural settings have lack of knowledge and awareness of calcium and vitamin D. Our data suggest that though the rural students are less familiar with vitamin D (p<0.001) and osteoporosis (p=0.0056) than urban students, they exercise a healthy diet in terms of milk consumption (p<0.0001) and engage themselves more in outdoor activities, spend more time in sunlight (p<0.0001) than the urban students. Thus the rural students may require less supplemental support of calcium and/or vitamin D than the urban students (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Urban students are more familiar with the nutrients than the rural students but rural students’ lifestyle, diet and food habit may allow them to get a healthier nutritional support and thus to have a better nutritional health than urban students.

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