Calibration and Validation of DSSAT V.4.6.1, CERES and CROPGROModels for Simulating No-Tillage in Central Delta, EgyptHarb OM, Abd El-Hay GH, Hager MA and Abou El-Enin MM*
Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abou El-Enin MM
Faculty of agriculture
Universitas Al-Azhar, Cairo, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 09, 2015; Accepted date: May 23, 2016; Published date: May 31, 2016
Citation: Harb OM, Abd El-Hay GH, Hager MA, Abou El-Enin MM (2016) Calibration and Validation of DSSAT V.4.6.1, CERES and CROPGRO-Models for Simulating No-Tillage in Central Delta, Egypt. Agrotechnol 5:143. doi:10.4172/2168-9881.1000143
Copyright: © 2016 Harb OM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Crop simulation programs allow analyzing and exploring various tillage-rotation combinations and management. This study was conducted to apply and evaluate the DSSAT program under Egyptian conditions. The study was carried out to investigate the effect of tillage system, fertilizer rates and cereal/legume rotation on the crop yield and soil quality. The CERES-maize and CROPGRO-broad bean models were used to simulate the studied crop yield. Field observations showed that, the effect of tillage systems during the summer season of 2013 did not differ significantly due to studied maize traits. Regarding, winter season of 2013/2014), the results showed that, CA tillage system increased significantly all studied broad bean traits as compared with the other tillage systems. Referring to, the summer season of 2014, CA system scored the significant high values for the studied maize traits. As for the effect of studied NPK fertilizer levels, results indicated that, 100% of the recommended doses of NPK favored the values of the studied maize and broad bean traits significantly during summer 2013 and winter 2013/2014, as compared by 50% of the recommended dose of NPK fertilizers, while, there are no-significant difference between the two fertilizer levels for maize traits in the third season (summer, 2014). With regard to, the first order interaction effect between the tested factors, results of the three trial seasons revealed that, growing maize or broad bean under the condition of conservation agriculture (CA) and fed by 100% or 50% of the recommended dose of NPK fertilizers scored the greatest values for most of maize studied traits and broad bean, and the differences between them did not reach the significant level. On contrast, the lowest value were resulted under the condition of Conventional agriculture (CT) and fed by the 50% of the recommended dose of NPK fertilizers. The models that were used in this study also reflected this trend. The CERES-maize and CROPGRO-broad bean models greatly discovered stimulation for grain yield/fed., harvest index as affected by interaction effect between tillage systems and fertilizer rats, which their RMSE ranged between excellent and good, RMSE = (8.44, 12.19) and (11.70,16.79) and (0.15, 12.02) for summer 2013, winter 2013/2014 and summer 2014 seasons respectively, through (maize→ broad bean→ maize) crop sequence.