Cancer Care in Developing Countries: Does Early Detection Truly Save Lives?Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke1* and Ishak Lawal2
- Corresponding Author:
- Semeeh A Omoleke
Immunization, Vaccines and Emergencies
World Health Organization, Nigeria
Tel: 234 0 8167597029
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 15, 2016; Accepted Date: March 22, 2016; Published Date: April 02, 2016
Citation: Omoleke SA, Lawal I (2016) Cancer Care in Developing Countries: Does Early Detection Truly Save Lives?. J Women’s Health Care 5:305. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000305
Copyright: © 2016 Omoleke SA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: “Early detection save lives” is a common and almost universal slogan for promoting cancer screening world-wide. Doubtlessly, early detection of cancer can save lives when the detection is followed with appropriate interventions. Conversely, when early detection is not followed with appropriate intervention(s), then it becomes effort in futility. Therefore, we are advocating that the slogan should change from early detection save lives to early intervention save lives, particularly, for resource- constraints settings where we have evidence that early detection might not be followed with appropriate interventions as exemplified by this case report. The paper sets out to x-ray challenges of oncology care in resource-constraint environment and to emphasise the fact that cancer prevention goes beyond detection.
Materials and Methods: Using the case report of a breast cancer patient that was detected relatively early without appropriate intervention, we did a critical analysis of state of oncology care from prevention services to palliative care in a resources-constraint environment, drawing heavily from local experiences in cancer management.
Results: The paper revealed the challenges of oncology care from preventive services to palliative care in a resource-constraint environment. Locally applicable recommendations aimed at optimizing the available resources and simultaneously, reducing cancer related morbidity and mortality should be strongly considered.
Conclusion: A cancer prevention and control service is a comprehensive package in which early detection is a major component. For early detection of cancer to save lives, it has to be followed by appropriate interventions. In recognition of this fact, we are advocating a change in the slogan from “early detection save lives” to “early intervention save lives” based on our local experience which is seen in most developing countries that are hugely challenged by resource-constraints.