alexa Cardiorespiratory Stress is not Achieved During Routine Physiotherapy in Chronic Stroke | OMICS International
ISSN: 2329-9096

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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Research Article

Cardiorespiratory Stress is not Achieved During Routine Physiotherapy in Chronic Stroke

Janaine Cunha Polese1,2*, Aline Alvim Scianni1, Suzanne Kuys3,4, Louise Ada2 and Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela1

1Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte MG, Brazil

2Discipline of Physiotherapy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

3Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia

4The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

*Corresponding Author:
Janaine Cunha Polese
Discipline of Physiotherapy
The University of Sydney, Sydney
NSW, Australia
Tel: 55-31-3409-7403
Fax: 55-31-3409-4783
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 21, 2014; Accepted Date: June 26, 2014; Published Date: June 30, 2014

Citation: Polese JC, Scianni AA, Kuys S, Ada L, Teixeira-Salmela LF (2014) Cardiorespiratory Stress is not Achieved During Routine Physiotherapy in Chronic Stroke. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 2:211 doi: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000211

Copyright: © 2014 Polese JC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Cardiorespiratory deconditioning is a well-established sequel of stroke and this may interfere with integration into community. In the chronic phase, when motor recovery has plateaued, rehabilitation should include cardiorespiratory training. Objective: To determine whether physiotherapy rehabilitation in the chronic phase of stroke provides enough stress in terms of duration (>10 min) and intensity (>40% of heart rate reserve - HRR) to induce cardiorespiratory benefits. Methods: Two physiotherapy sessions, at least one week apart, of 20 chronic stroke patients (mean time since the onset of the stroke of 26 months, mean age of 58 years, 45% male) were observed, in terms of duration (time) and intensity (40 %HRR). The activities were categorized as upper limb tasks, standing, stepping, basic walking, and advanced walking. Average duration and intensity for each participant across the two sessions were determined. Results: Lower limb activities, such as standing and walking were undertaken for 25 (SD 5) minutes; comprising 57% of the total session. The remainder of the session was taken up with upper limb activities (27%) or inactivity (16%). None of the activities reached the target intensity, with the highest average intensity being achieved during advanced walking (mean 32% HRR, SD 2). Conclusions: Routine physiotherapy did not provide sufficient duration or intensity to induce cardiorespiratory stress in this group of chronic stroke patients. The evidence practice gap needs to be closed for cardiorespiratory fitness to be trained.

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