Cardiovascular Risk and Physical Activity: Simulated Analysis in General Practice Patients Based on a Risk Score SystemMaria Scatigna*
Department of Medicine, Health and Environment Sciences, University of L'Aquila, Italy
- Corresponding Author:
- Maria Scatigna
Department of Medicine
Health and Environment Sciences
University of L'Aquila, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 12, 2016; Accepted date: March 08, 2016; Published date: March 15, 2016
Citation: Scatigna M (2016) Cardiovascular Risk and Physical Activity: Simulated Analysis in General Practice Patients Based on a Risk Score System. Primary Health Care 6:219. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000219
Copyright: © 2016 Scatigna M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Aim: This cross-sectional study was aimed at evaluating the association between physical activity (PA), overweight and CV risk in a large sample of Italian general practice patients and forecast the impact of increasing PA in a general population. Methods: Regression analysis on single CV risk factors and stratification of global risk score have been carried out on 45,862 records with normal/overweight and active/inactive conditions as primary explanatory variables. Moreover a hypothetical attributable risk was calculated on the basis of expected cases. Results: HDL cholesterol resulted the risk factor most correlated with PA. Systolic blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose levels seemed to be more correlated to overweight than to PA. Active women and men would respectively have a 15% and 17% lower probability of experiencing a major cardiovascular event in the subsequent ten years than their inactive counterparts, adjusting for overweight. If inactive subjects became active at the lowest level, 818.8 cases/100,000 men and 201.5 cases/100,000 women aged 35-69 years would be protected during the same period. Conclusion: As counsellors for active lifestyle, general practitioners could contribute in reducing the absolute number of CV major events in the ‘healthy’ general population.