Case Report on BellÃ¢ÂÂs Palsy and Diabetic Ketoacidosis due to
Mahender Vatipelli* and Ayesha Begum Pathan
Department of Pharmacy Practice, St. Peters Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Vatipelli M
St. Peters Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 13, 2016; Accepted date: August 17, 2016; Published date: August 22, 2016
Citation: Vatipelli M, Pathan AB (2016) Case Report on Bell’s Palsy and Diabetic Ketoacidosis due to Uncontrolled Diabetes. J Clin Case Rep 6:847. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000847
Copyright: © 2016 Vatipelli M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening condition seen in diabetes in which body cannot use glucose as a fuel instead uses fat and produces ketones (chemicals) and finally results in diabetic ketoacidosis. Bell's palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face due to mal-function of cranial nerve VII (facial nerve), which stimulates the facial muscles. Bell's palsy affects about 23 of 1,00,000 people at some time. The cause of Bell's palsy is unknown, but it may involve swelling of the facial nerve as a reaction to an immune disorder or a viral infection. Swelling causes the nerve to be compressed and its blood supply to be reduced. In this case facial nerve has got damaged due to diabetic ketoacidosis (mononeuropathy). Risk factors are the virus that have been linked to Bell's palsy include the virus that causes: cold sores and genital herpes (herpes simplex), chickenpox and shingles (herpes zoster), mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr), cytomegalovirus infections, respiratory illnesses (adenovirus), German measles (rubella), mumps (mumps virus), and flu (influenza B). Clinical features include numbness in the face, headache, eye can't get closed and gets dry resulting in eye damage. Diagnosis is done by CT-scan, MRI scan and blood tests. Treatment involves corticosteroids and anti-viral drugs. Bell's palsy can be cured in few months such as 2 to 3 months with regular medications and physiotherapy.