Casual Employment: its Ambiguity, Heterogeneity and Causes in Nigerian Manufacturing Sector
Department of Sociology, College of Business and Social Sciences, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Bamidele R
Department of Sociology
College of Business and Social Sciences
Landmark University, Omu-Aran
Kwara State, Nigeria
Tel: 08034955615, 07052087979
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: Dec 22, 2016; Accepted Date: Jan 16, 2017; Published Date: Jan 23, 2017
Citation: Bamidele R (2017) Casual Employment: its Ambiguity, Heterogeneity and Causes in Nigerian Manufacturing Sector. Social Crimonol 5: 157. doi:10.4172/2375-4435.1000157
Copyright: © 2017 Bamidele R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The concept casual employment is riddled with ambiguity and paradoxes. Making sense of them is the key to understanding the significance, especially for labour productivity and casualization. Definitional ambiguity reflects changes in the form rather than substance of long-term employment relations in the workplace. The characteristics of most casual workers indicate that this form of employment has more to do with limited choices available to young people, women and low skilled workers than any flourishing of choices for people at work. The growth of casual employment is seen as an outcome of recruitment practices developed to meet internal labour demands in the context of changing labour regulations and changing relationships between firms and the labour market. While casual employment is a function of ‘demand-side’ factors, the recruitment strategies that stimulate its growth are formed through managers’ perceptions of the quality and reliability of the available labour supply. Though ‘demandside’ factors, especially firm size and union activity, are major determinants of the use of casual employees, attention has also been paid on the role of institutional factors that have enabled casual work to flourish in widening gaps in labour regulation. The growth of casual work has generated considerable interest, but only recently has attention focused on its heterogeneity. In an overview of the dynamics, therefore, this study tends to examine casual employment, its ambiguity, heterogeneity and causes in Nigerian manufacturing sector.