alexa Cause and Consequence of Cross Border Illegal Migration from South Wollo, Ethiopia
ISSN: 2151-6200

Arts and Social Sciences Journal
Open Access

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Research Article

Cause and Consequence of Cross Border Illegal Migration from South Wollo, Ethiopia

Mohammed YA*

Department of Social Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia

Corresponding Author:
Mohammed YA
Department of Social Sciences
Wolaita Sodo University
Sodo, Ethiopia
Tel: 920275116
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 19, 2016; Accepted date: May 25, 2016; Published date: May 31, 2016

Citation: Mohammed YA (2016) Cause and Consequence of Cross Border Illegal Migration from South Wollo, Ethiopia. Arts Social Sci J 7:188. doi:10.4172/2151-6200.1000188

Copyright: © 2016 Mohammed YA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

Developing countries such as Ethiopia the phenomenon of cross border Illegal migration which is mainly triggered by rural 'push' causes than urban 'pull' causes is the main cause of unbalanced rate of population growth and distribution between urban and rural areas in origin and destination states. This situation in turn affects the healthy development of both urban and rural areas. In spite of this fact, not much in known on many of the recent aspects of illegal migration. The present study of migration from Kutaber is mainly concerned with an assessment of the major causes and consequences of cross border illegal migration of people from rural- urban areas to foreign countries mainly to Gulf States. To achieve the objective 120 household heads were selected randomly from three kebeles of the woreda to Schedule interview. Both primary and secondary data were employed and were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Key informant interview and focus group discussions were prepared to generate information about the cause and consequences of illegal migration from Kutaber Woreda. Some of the causes of illegal migration are: land fragmentation, poverty, drought, need to join friends and relatives, income generation, the search for job and urban amenities, un coordinated activity of legal emigration process, and facilities in desired state are the most important. The study shown that the large family size and small land holding exposed to cross border illegal migration. Many of the migrants encountered problems at the initial period of adjustment and adaptation and even while traveling in night forest and coastal areas. While negative side of illegal migration is moral deterioration, Dept crisis, work load on migrant and remaining family, rejection by their families, and the community as they failed to meet expectations to return with adequate material wealth.

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