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Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome in Children: One Case and Review of the Literature | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
Open Access

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Case Report

Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome in Children: One Case and Review of the Literature

Xiuqing Zhang* Bindong Song, Guixia Xu, Shengtang Zhang, Yinyong Ding and Fangli Cao

Department of Pediatrics, The Second People’s Hospital of Liao Cheng Subsidiary to Tai Shan Medical College, Lin Qing, Shan Dong Province, China

Corresponding Author:
Zhang Xiuqing
Department of Pediatrics
The Second People’s Hospital of Liao Cheng Subsidiary to Tai Shan Medical College
Lin Qing, Shan Dong Province, China
Tel: 13563022007
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 26, 2016; Accepted date: July 23, 2016; Published date: July 30, 2016

Citation: Zhang X, Song B, Xu G, Zhang S, Ding Y, Cao F (2016) Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome in Children: One Case and Review of the Literature. J Clin Case Rep 6:841. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000841

Copyright: © 2016 Zhang X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome (CSWS) refers to the process of intracranial lesions, sodium salt loss by hypothalamus-renal pathway and caused clinical manifestations syndrome of high urinary sodium, hyponatremia, hypovolemia. The clinical manifestations and laboratory are similar to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). It is easy to be misdiagnosed.

Case description and management: In this paper, the clinical data of one case of cerebral salt wasting syndrome was diagnosed. By given fluid and sodium replacement, the condition can improve quickly. Through analyzing and reviewing related literature, the understand of diagnosis and treatment of cerebral salt wasting syndrome can be improved.

Conclusions: The main clinical manifestations of cerebral salt wasting syndrome are hyponatremia, high urine sodium, diuresis, hypovolemia. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome in children has very high risks and we should improve the understanding. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are very important.

Keywords

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