Changes in Mineral Profile and Morphological Traits of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) as Influenced by Fusarium oxysporum F. Sp. Pisi under Natural Conditions
- *Corresponding Author:
- Rana Muhammad Sabir Tariq
Phd Scholar, Department of Plant Pathology
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Tel: 092-334- 8154036
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 26, 2014; Accepted date: December 30, 2014; Published date: January 02, 2015
Citation: Tariq RMS, Sahi ST, Ahmad T, Hannan A (2015) Changes in Mineral Profile and Morphological Traits of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) as Influenced by Fusarium oxysporum F. Sp. Pisi under Natural Conditions. J Plant Pathol Microb 5:244. doi:10.4172/2157-7471.1000244
Copyright: © 2015 Tariq RMS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Eight pea varieties including three commercial and five advance lines were cultivated under natural conditions for the infection of Pea wilt disease. Only four varieties were found susceptible to Fusarium wilt. Infected and healthy samples were collected from each variety. After pathogenecity of Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. pisi, the mineral and growth parameters from each sample were recorded. The parameters of healthy and infected samples were compared within each variety. Nitrogen was slightly increased (21.09%) after the onset of infection. While infected samples showed a decline in Phosphorus (44.38%), Potassium (53.64%), Calcium (23.60%), Magnesium (57.24%), and Zinc (32.22%). Growth parameters were also influenced negatively after the infection. They included fresh plant weight (68.79%), dry plant weight (57.29%), shoot length (50.43%) and No. of pods/plant (100%) while root length remained un-affected as compared to non-infected plants. These studies explained the role of vascular infection on the physiology and morphology of Pea.