alexa Changes in Serum Adipocytokines and Inflammatory Biomarkers Following One-Year of Exercise Training in Obese Adolescents | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Changes in Serum Adipocytokines and Inflammatory Biomarkers Following One-Year of Exercise Training in Obese Adolescents

Timothy R Braun, Latonya F Been, Piers R Blackett and Dharambir K Sanghera*

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Dharambir K Sanghera
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Genetics
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
940 Stanton L. Young Blvd., Rm. D317 BMSB Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
Tel: 405-271-6026
Fax: 405-271-6027
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date June 22, 2012; Accepted date August 25, 2012; Published date August 29, 2012

Citation: Braun TR, Been LF, Blackett PR, Sanghera DK (2012) Vitamin D Deficiency and Cardio-Metabolic Risk in a North Indian Community with Highly Prevalent Type 2 Diabetes. J Diabetes Metab 3: 213 doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000213

Copyright: © 2012 Braun TR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Obese individuals commonly demonstrate elevated levels of serum inflammatory markers and cell adhesion molecules. The later are known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Increased physical activity has been shown to be effective in altering adipocytokines, and inflammatory markers; however, little is known about the effect of exercise training alone on these parameters in children and adolescents.
Aim: This study was designed to compare the effects of moderate-intensity training and caloric restriction on serum adipocytokines as well as markers of inflammation and cell adhesion in obese adolescents.
Material and methods: Fifty six obese adolescents, participating in an obesity intervention program, were
studied before and after 1 year program consisting of moderate physical activity (exercise group  including 37 participants) or hypocaloric diet (diet group: 19 subjects). Highly sensitive C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein-4, adiponectin, intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular adhesion molecule-1 were measured before and after intervention. Body composition, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and insulin were also assessed.
Results: After 1 year, a significant reduction in all adiposity parameters were observed in both groups, but the changes were more prominent in the exercise group. Physical training was also favourable compared with hypocaloric diet in reducing serum markers of inflammation (P <0.009 for C-reactive protein; P<0.002 for interleukin-6) and cell adhesion (P<0.020 for intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1; P<0.000 for vascular adhesion molecule-1). In addition, exercise training induced a rise of adiponectin (P<0.000) and fall in fatty acid-binding protein-4 (P < 0.000), independent of weight loss.
Conclusions: We conclude that moderate-intensity training alone reduced blood markers of inflammation and cell adhesion in obese adolescents more than observed after caloric restriction. Exercise training was also associated with potentially favourably changes in serum adipocytokines.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7