alexa Changing Climate of Uttarakhand, India
ISSN: 2381-8719

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

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Research Article

Changing Climate of Uttarakhand, India

Ashutosh Mishra*
Department of Geography, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author : Ashutosh Mishra
Department of Geography
University of Allahabad
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Tel: 9415866666
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 12, 2014; Accepted June 27, 2014; Published July 02, 2014
Citation: Mishra A (2014) Changing Climate of Uttarakhand, India. J Geol Geosci 3:163. doi:10.4172/2329-6755.1000163
Copyright: © 2014 Mishra A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

India has a unique climate system dominated by the monsoon, and the major physiographic features that drive this monsoon are its location in the globe, the Himalayas, the central plateau, the western and Eastern Ghats and the oceans surrounding the region. The country is considered highly vulnerable to climate change, not only because of high physical exposure to climate-related disasters, but also because of the dependency of its economy and majority of population on climate-sensitive sectors (e.g. agriculture, forests, tourism, animal husbandry and fisheries). The Himalayan Region comprises of the highest mountain system of the world, the Himalayas and the North- Eastern hill states. Being the home of some very large and important glaciers (viz. Gangotri, Ponting, Milam, Pindari etc) the state of Uttarakhand has remained in centre of climate change discussions since over three decades. In addressing this debate and to eliminate confusions, the paper examines emerging climate trend scenarios in the region by measuring temperature and rainfall variabilities during the past century. The results indicate unanimous warming of the entire region but are more critical in mountainous parts. On the other hand the plain areas have received more rainfall, while it has declined in hilly districts.

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