alexa Changing Pattern of Causes of Death in Elderly An Appraisal
ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Changing Pattern of Causes of Death in Elderly An Appraisal

Karuna Ramesh Kumar1*, Sampath Kumar2 and Muralidhar Pai3
1Department of Pathology, Mangalore, India
2General Medicine, Mangalore, India
3Justice KS Hegde Hospital, Nitte University, Mangalore, India
Corresponding Author : Dr. Karuna Rameshkumar
Professor of Pathology Justice KS Hegde Hospital, Mangalore, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 10 2015 Accepted: October 26 2015 Published: October 29 2015
Citation: Kumar KR, Kumar S, Pai M (2015) Changing Pattern of Causes of Death in Elderly – An Appraisal. J Gen Practice 3:204. doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000204
Copyright: © 2015 Kumar KR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Aim and Objective: To observe pattern of disease and death in elderly as a reflection of epidemiological transition reported by WHO. Material and Methods: The study was cross sectional and hospital based. All deaths reported in the hospital for one year were reviewed for demographic details, diagnosis, and course of disease and cause of death. Whenever post mortem details were available, they were also recorded. Results: Among 275 deaths, 43% was observed in patients above 60 years. Heart related ailments and diabetes with complications were leading causes of death followed by infections. Malignancy and liver related disorders including alcoholic liver disease were third common causes of death. The other causes included renal conditions, trauma and poisoning. Comment and Conclusions: The pattern is consistent with changes seen globally. The impact of urbanization probably reflects in alcoholic liver disease being the third common cause of death. Trauma as a cause of death was the least common compared to patients below 60 years. The pattern implies a significant burden on the economy as there is a paradigm shift in diagnostics and management. As geriatric population increases, continuous modification of health care services is required to address needs created by changing pattern of disease and death.

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