alexa Characteristics of Natural Killer Cells in Malaysian HIV Patients Presenting with Immune Restoration Disease After ART
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Characteristics of Natural Killer Cells in Malaysian HIV Patients Presenting with Immune Restoration Disease After ART

Dino Bee Aik Tan1*, Yean Kong Yong2, Hong Yien Tan2, Martyn French1,3, Adeeba Kamarulzaman2 and Patricia Price1,3

1School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

2Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS (CERiA), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Department of Clinical Immunology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Dino Bee Aik Tan
School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Western Australia, Level 2
Medical Research Foundation Building
Royal Perth Hospital, Rear of 50 Murray Street
Perth, WA 6000, Australia
Tel: 618-92240270
Fax: 618-92240204
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 03, 2010; Accepted Date: October 15, 2010; Published Date: October 18, 2010

Citation: Tan DBA, Yong YK, Tan HY, French M, Kamarulzaman A, et al. (2010) Characteristics of Natural Killer Cells in Malaysian HIV Patients Presenting with Immune Restoration Disease After ART. J AIDS Clinic Res 1: 102 doi: 10.4172/2155-6113.1000102

Copyright: © 2010 Tan DBA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objectives: Natural killer (NK) cell function was investigated in Malaysian HIV patients beginning antiretroviral therapy (ART) with advanced immunodeficiency. Some patients experienced immune restoration disease (IRD) presenting as exacerbations of pre-existing infections. Whilst most IRD are attributed to interferon-gamma (IFN?) produced by T-cells, NK cells may also contribute. Methods: Blood leukocytes were collected prospectively from 100 HIV patients over 1 year on ART, plus 36 healthy controls. Eleven patients who experienced an IRD and 14 matched controls were assayed. Cells producing IFN? were quantitated by ELISpot after stimulation with an NK target (K562 cells) or antigens from pathogens associated with the IRD. NK cell subsets, CD16 and perforin expression were determined by flow cytometry Results: NK cell IFN? responses were lower in HIV patients at baseline (p<0.001), improved by Week 24 (p<0.01) but remained lower than uninfected controls (p<0.05). Proportions of CD56hi NK cells increased (p<0.01) above controls at Week 24. Perforin expression on these cells was higher than controls at baseline (p<0.01), but declined on ART. Proportions of CD56hl NK cells were similar in patients and controls throughout. IRD patients showed lower CD16 expression on CD56lo NK cells than non-IRD patients before treatment (p<0.05) Conclusions: NK cells profiles were restored on ART, but NK cell IFN? production remained impaired. Low CD16 expression on CD56lo NK cells may mark a predisposition for an IRD.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version