alexa Chikungunya Virus Uveitis during French Polynesia Outbreak, 2014-2015 | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Chikungunya Virus Uveitis during French Polynesia Outbreak, 2014-2015

Tu-Xuan Nhan1*, Thomas Fallevoz2, Jean-Jacques De Pina1, Vaea Richard1 and Didier Musso1
1Institut Louis Malardé, Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, France
2Private Ophtalmologist, Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, France
Corresponding Author : Tu-Xuan Nhan
Institut Louis Malardé, Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia, France
Tel: (689) 40416432
Fax: (689) 40416494
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 01, 2015; Accepted: January 07, 2016; Published: January 15, 2016
Citation: Nhan T, Fallevoz T, De Pina J, Richard V, Musso D (2016) Chikungunya Virus Uveitis during French Polynesia Outbreak, 2014-2015. J Clin Case Rep 6:682. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000682
Copyright: © 2016 Nhan T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) of the genus Alphavirus in the family Togaviridae. CHIKV is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes; materno-foetal transmission and transmission via corneal graft have been reported. During the past decade, the status of chikungunya has changed, from a relatively uncommon and poorly documented disease, to an emerging disease, and now to a global public health concern. CHIKV now circulates in all inhabited continents. From 2011, CHIKV emerged in the Pacific region and was responsible for a massive outbreak in French Polynesia in 2014-2015 affecting about 25% of the population in a context of co-circulation with dengue virus (DENV). CHIKV mainly causes acute fever and severe and persistent polyarthralgia. Ocular involvement has been described during chikungunya fever but few were well-documented. We herein report a laboratory-confirmed case of CHIKV-associated uveitis during the French Polynesia outbreak.

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