Chromium and Zinc Level of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Non-Diabetes
|Unjiati1*, Bambang Wirjatmadi2 and Merryana Adriani2|
|1Master Program of Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia|
|2Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia|
|Corresponding Author :||Unjiati
Master Program of Public Health Faculty
Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received May 27, 2015; Accepted August 11, 2015; Published August 18, 2015|
|Citation: Unjiati, Wirjatmadi B, Adriani M (2015) Chromium and Zinc Level of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Non-Diabetes. Biochem Physiol S5.010. doi:10.4172/2168-9652.S5-010|
|Copyright: © 2015 Unjiati, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications have become a serious public health problem and an important cause of morbidity, mortality and disability in worldwide. Type 2 diabetes caused by insulin resistance together with insulin deficiency, occurs in adulthood. Micro mineral that contribute to the occurrence of diabetes mellitus are chromium and zinc. This study aimed to determine differences level of chromium and zinc between patients with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic in Hajj General Hospital, Surabaya.
This research is an observational study with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted in internal disease poly of Hajj General Hospital, Surabaya on June to July 2014 using simple random sampling as sampling method. Sample sizes are 30 people, consisting of 15 patients with type 2 diabetes and 15 non-diabetic patients. Blood tests performed in the laboratory and interview was conducted using a questionnaire. Bivariate analysis using Independent Sample T-test.
The results showed no significant difference of chromium (p<0.201) and zinc level (p<0.431) between type 2 diabetes group with non-diabetic. Average level of chromium and zinc in type 2 diabetic patients is lower than the non-diabetic.