Chromolaena odorata Compost Affected Soil Chemical and Rice Crop (Oryza sativa L.)Jamilah M1* and Juniarti2
- *Corresponding Author:
Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Tamansiswa,
Padang, Jalan Tamansiswa No. 9, Padang, Indonesia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 03, 2017; Accepted Date: March 10, 2017; Published Date: March 17, 2017
Citation: Jamilah M, Juniarti (2017) Chromolaena odorata Compost Affected Soil Chemical and Rice Crop (Oryza sativa L.). Agrotechnol 6:155. doi: 10.4172/2168-9881.1000155
Copyright: © 2017 Jamilah M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study entitled "Chromolaena odorata Compost Affected Soil Chemical and Rice Crop (Oryza sativa L.) had been conducted in Padang City, West Sumatra. It was started in February 2015 to May 2015. The study aimed was to examine the mechanism of amendment soil chemical properties and nutrient uptake of rice crop was fertilized By Chromolaena odorata Compost. The experiment was conducted by using Randomized Complete Design (RCD) in Split Plot Design with the main plots were three varieties of rice crops namely; Cisokan (V1); Pandan Wangi (V2) and Red Cempo (V3). The subplot consisted three types of fertilizer composition; 5 Mg ha-1 Compost C. odorata (CCP) +100% Artificial Fertilizer Recommendation (AFR) (F1); 7.5 Mg ha-1 CCP+75% AFR (F2); 10 Mg ha-1 CCP +50% AFR (F3), with three replications. Data was analysed by using the F test significance level of 5%, and an Honestly Significant Difference test (HSD) α 5%. Parameters include analysis of soil chemical properties, manure, analysis of nutrient uptake and the weight of dry crop biomass. The study indicated there was amendment in soil chemical properties after the application of C. odorata, compost achieving optimal fertility for rice crop. Nitrogen and other minerals uptake in rice crop increased due to the increased provision of artificial fertilizers escorted by lowering the dose of C.odorata compost. The ability about the nutrient uptake of rice crop is higher in rice Pandan Wangi and causes the higher forage yield than rice Cisokan or Red Cempo.