Chronic Kidney Disease Awareness in the Population of Moderate and High Cardiovascular Risk
- *Corresponding Author:
- Coronado Jorge
Internal Medicine and Nephrology
University of Cartagena, Colombia
E-mail:[email protected]; [email protected] yahoo.es
Received Date: October 22, 2016; Accepted Date: October 29, 2016; Published Date: October 31, 2016
Citation: Jorge C, Keyner T, Marco L, Jessica D, Luis P, Emilio A, et al. (2016) Chronic Kidney Disease Awareness in the Population of Moderate and High Cardiovascular Risk. J Nephrol Ther 6: 261. doi:10.4172/2161-0959.1000261
Copyright: © 2016 Jorge C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License; which permits unrestricted use; distribution; and reproduction in any medium; provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Among the recommendations for the prevention of high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) enhanced surveillance, detection and awareness of this condition include; which are mainly targeting populations with increased risk. Yet despite a high prevalence of CKD in these patients, there is limited knowledge of the disease in populations at high cardiovascular risk, especially in developing countries. To determine the awareness of CKD in the population of moderate and high cardiovascular risk.
Methods: A prevalence study, multicenter was developed; the sample corresponds to adults over 18 with moderate or high cardiovascular risk (defined as Framingham criteria), treated at the outpatient clinic for health institutions in the city of Cartagena from April 2013 to October 2014.
Statistical analysis: descriptive univariate and bivariate analyzes were performed using measures of central tendency and dispersion for continuous variables and proportions for qualitative variables. The association between variables was established by The Chi square test and Fisher's exact test.
Results: 653 patients were included, the prevalence of CKD was 34.8% and overall awareness of it was 70.9% and 48.2% by the health system and the patient respectively. There was no association between awareness of CKD both the health system and the patient and the level of cardiovascular risk (p=0.916 and p=0.772). In unconscious patients with CKD have a higher proportion of women compared with patients with CKD awareness (95% CI for the difference, 4.3 to 29.7 66.1% vs 49.1%) was found. There was a significant association between CKD awareness, adherence to lifestyle (p ≤ 0.0001) and medication adherence (p=0.041), was determined that unconscious patients had lower compliance healthy lifestyles (22,9% vs 64.5%; 95% CI for the difference, 29.9 to 53.3) and pharmacological (92.4% vs 98.2%; 95% CI for the difference, 2.7 to 11.3) than patients aware for the disease.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the high prevalence of CKD in patients with moderate and high cardiovascular risk, highlighting the inadequate consciousness we have of it in this population.