Civilian Gunshot Injuries: Experience from Sokoto, North-West, Nigeria
|Oboirien M*, Agbo SP and Adedeji BK|
|Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria|
|Corresponding Author :||M Oboirien
Department of Surgery
Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Garba
Nadama Road, Sokoto, Sokoto 84000, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received December 16, 2016; Accepted January 04, 2016; Published January 08, 2016|
|Citation: Oboirien M, Agbo SP, Adedeji BK (2016) Civilian Gunshot Injuries: Experience from Sokoto, North-West, Nigeria. J Trauma Treat 5:285. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.1000285|
|Copyright: © 2016 Oboirien M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Introduction: The Proliferation of small arms in the West African sub-region and the activities of insurgent groups and rustlers have caused renewed interest in Gunshot injuries. We aim to document the trend and outcome of such injuries in our sub-region.
Methods: It was a prospective study of cases of gunshot injuries admitted at the University Teaching hospital over a period of 18 months. Parameters analysed included patients’ bio-data, region of the body affected, mechanism and source of projectile, clinical presentations and short term outcome. Statistical analysis was done with IBM SPSS 20. Level of significance was p<0.05.
Results: A total of 43 patients were seen with a mean age of 33.76 ± 10.59. There were 42(97.7%) males and 1(2.3%) female. The victims were mostly farmers (25%), professional drivers (13.6%), Students (11.4%). The body region affected were the lower extremity (36.4%), upper extremity (27.3%), Most of the cases were from armed robbery attack (77.3%) and Assaults (13.6%). Low velocity weapons like Dane guns were the common sources of projectile 95.3%. High velocity weapon like AK 47 was used in 4.7% of cases. Majority of victims were shot at closed range (86.4%) and 79.5% were stable on presentation. Intervention carried out included wound debridement (65.9%), external fixation (23%), and chest tube drainage (9.1%). The outcome was such that 68.2% survived without residual deficit while 31.8% survived with residual deficit.
Conclusion: Gunshot injuries were mainly from armed robbery attack using low velocity weapon with farmers being the most victims. Strict regulations in the acquisition and use of light firearms would reduce the incidence of armed robbery and gun related violence in our sub region.