Climate Variability and Extreme Climate Events: Rural Women Farmers Perception in Southwest NigeriaAbuloye AP* and Moruff GA
Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abuloye AP
Institute of Ecology and Environmental
Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University
Tel: (234) 08037176473
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 01, 2015; Accepted Date: March 28, 2016; Published Date: March 31, 2016
Citation: Abuloye AP, Moruff GA (2016) Climate Variability and Extreme Climate Events: Rural Women Farmers’ Perception in Southwest Nigeria. J Geogr Nat Disast 6:166. doi:10.4172/2167-0587.1000166
Copyright: © 2016 Abuloye AP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study examined the level of rural women farmers understanding of their local climate and their indigenous perception of climate variability and extreme climate events. One hundred and twenty (120) questionnaires were administered randomly to a pool of registered women farmers in the study area. Temperature and precipitation data from a local meteorological station was used to examine the perception of the sampled women farmers. The result showed that rural women farmers understand their local climate but found it highly variable and unpredictable. This was confirmed by the result of statistical analysis conducted on the temperature and precipitation data. The result further suggest a positive trend in temperature (b=0.018, P<0.05) between 1984 and 2013 and a negative trend of precipitation (b= -3.02, P>0.05) within the said period. This suggests that annul temperature has increased in the study area while annual precipitation volume has reduced. Majority of the women farmers perceive extreme climate events to be anthropogenically induce. The study concluded that while some rural farmers lack adequate knowledge of their local climate, vast majority of them understands how the climate works.