Clinical, Epidemiological and Microbiological Profile of Dengue Fever at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi, India
Avinash Kumar, Sharon Rainy Rongpharpi, Shalini Dewan Duggal, Renu Gur*, Sanjay Choudhary and Pratima Khare
Department of Microbiology, Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Rohini, Delhi, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gur R
Senior Specialist and Head, Department of Microbiology
Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital
Rohini, Delhi, India
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received date: July 09, 2017; Accepted date: August 05, 2017; Published date: August 12, 2017
Citation: Kumar A, Rongpharpi S, Duggal SD, Gur R,Choudhary S, et al. (2017) Clinical, Epidemiological and Microbiological Profile of Dengue Fever at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi, India. J Infect Dis Med 2: 110. DOI: 10.4172/2576-1420.1000110
Copyright: © 2017 Kumar A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License; which permits unrestricted use; distribution; and reproduction in any medium; provided the original author and source are credited.
Dengue Fever (DF), Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) are topmost public health concerns today, especially in tropical and subtropical countries, mainly involving urban and semi-urban areas. It is estimated that two fifth of the population in tropical countries, around 2.5 billion people are vulnerable. Approximately, 50 million dengue infections occur worldwide of which 500,000 people are hospitalized with DHF annually. Nearly 90 percent of them are children less than five years old, and about 2.5 percent die. Dengue epidemics are occurring at an increased frequency and one or more types of serotypes circulate. During these epidemics, infection rate among virus naïve patients ranges from 40-90 percent. In India, Dengue is hyperendemic (Category A) and is a notifiable infectious disease. Our hospital has been identified as a Sentinel Surveillance centre for diagnosis and treatment of Dengue in North West district of Delhi. Though gaps exist in terms of public health measures and health education among public, microbiological laboratory plays a crucial role in confirmation of dengue infection and estimation of burden of disease.