Clinical Manifestations of Allergic Rhinitis
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Anne K. Ellis MD
Doran 1, Kingston General Hospital
76 Stuart Street Kingston
Ontario, Canada K7L 2V7
Tel: (613) 548-2336
Fax: (613) 533- 6796
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 26, 2012; Accepted Date: June 13, 2012; Published Date: June 18, 2012
Citation: Lakhani N, North M, Ellis AK (2012) Clinical Manifestations of Allergic Rhinitis. J Aller Ther S5:007. doi: 10.4172/2155-6121.S5-007
Copyright: ©2012 Lakhani N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: To provide a concise review of the classification, nasal manifestations, non-nasal manifestations, and quality of life impact of allergic rhinitis.
Data sources: MEDLINE (PubMed) search using the terms allergic rhinitis, combined with the terms perennial, seasonal, non-nasal, symptoms and quality of life.
Study selection: Human studies and reviews published in the English language.
Results: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis is increasing worldwide. Symptoms include rhinorrhea, sneezing, obstruction of the nasal passages, and may be underestimated by patients. Traditionally, allergic rhinitis has been classified as perennial or seasonal; however, the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) classification may provide a better description of individual symptoms. Complications of allergic rhinitis include nasal polyps and bacterial sinusitis and comorbid conditions include asthma, allergic conjunctivitis and atopic dermatitis. The list of potential differential diagnoses is extensive, but important not to miss are the rare presentations of nasopharyngeal tumors, Wegener’s Granulomatosis and sarcoidosis. Epidemiological studies have shown a reduction in quality of life in patients suffering from allergic rhinitis and new tools have allowed for better assessments of the impact of illness on patient’s lives.
Conclusion: Patients with allergic rhinitis can experience a wide range of troublesome clinical symptoms, which are often under recognized and underreported causing a delay in seeking medical attention and subsequent reduction in health related quality of life.