Clinical Perspective: Intestinal Mycobacteriosis- A Rare Cause of Chronic Wasting Disease in Horses
Jenni Monki* and Michael Hewetson
Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland
- Corresponding Author:
- Jenni Monki
Resident in Equine Internal Medicine
DVM Veterinary Teaching Hospital Viikintie
University of Helsinki, Finland
Tel: +358-50-4156 802
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 12, 2014; Accepted Date: March 31, 2014; Published Date: April 05, 2014
Citation: Monki J, Hewetson M (2014) Clinical Perspective: Intestinal Mycobacteriosis- A Rare Cause of Chronic Wasting Disease in Horses. J Mycobac Dis 4:147. doi:10.4172/2161-1068.1000147
Copyright: © 2014 Monki J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Intestinal mycobacteriosis is a chronic, progressive disease which can affect horses of all ages, and has been identified in weanlings as young as six months of age. The disease causes a granulomatous enteritis/enterocolitis. Clinical signs are non-specific, and include weight loss, diarrhoea, intermittent fever and dependent edema secondary to protein losing enteropathy (PLE). Intestinal mycobacteriosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in any horse with chronic diarrhea, weight loss and/or a protein losing enteropathy. The condition appears to be rare in Europe and in other parts of the world; however the authors have personally diagnosed seven cases of intestinal mycobacteriosis in Finland between 2009 and 2013, suggesting an apparent increase in the incidence of the disease in recent years.