Clinical Presentations of Vitamin D Deficiency in Children at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey
- *Corresponding Author:
- Abdulmoein Aagha E
Department of Paediatrics, King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital
Jeddah 22252, Saudi Arabia
Fax: + 966-2-6408306
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: Jan 1, 2016; Accepted date: June 10, 2016; Published date: June 17, 2016
Citation: Aagha AE, Abushanab RH, Balto HM, Alahdal DM (2016) Clinical Presentations of Vitamin D Deficiency in Children at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Gen Med (Los Angeles) 4:251. doi:10.4172/2327-5146.1000251
Copyright: © 2016 Aagha AE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: This study assessed clinical presentations of vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabian children.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Paediatric Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz UniversityHospital in Jeddah from March to September 2015. This study included 371 healthy children, not known to have any medical illnesses between the ages of 2 and 18 years old discovered to have vitamin D deficiency. The families of the children were asked if they noticed any symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in their children. A diagnosis of vitamin D deficiency was made if blood tests found low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, there is no other test done to them.
Results: Of the population studied, 35 children had a past history of bone fractures, 70 had bone or joint pain, 55 had fatigue, 16 had depression, 28 experienced delayed teething, 7 had a bone deformity, 23 experienced delayed walking, 11 had delayed closure of fontanels, 5 had developmental delays, 4 exhibited rachitic rosary, 8 had bowing of the legs, 2 had kyphosis, and 71 children were asymptomatic.
Conclusion: Joint pain was the most common presentation of the disorder followed by asymptomatic vitamin D deficiency in this population. So, routine screening for preschool children and adolescent is necessary to early detect and provide effective treatment.