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ISSN: 2161-0495

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
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Review Article

Cocaine, Appetitive Memory and Neural Connectivity

Suchismita Ray*

Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 607 Allison Road, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Suchismita Ray
Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers
The State University of New Jersey
607 Allison Road, Piscataway
New Jersey 08854, USA
Tel: 732-445-4261
Fax: 732-445-3500
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 02, 2012; Accepted date: July 09, 2012; Published date: July 13, 2012

Citation: Ray S (2012) Cocaine, Appetitive Memory and Neural Connectivity. J Clinic Toxicol S7:003. doi: 10.4172/2161-0495.S7-003

Copyright: © 2012 Ray S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This review examines existing cognitive experimental and brain imaging research related to cocaine addiction. In section 1, previous studies that have examined cognitive processes, such as implicit and explicit memory processes in cocaine users are reported. Next, in section 2, brain imaging studies are reported that have used chronic users of cocaine as study participants. In section 3, several conclusions are drawn. They are: (a) in cognitive experimental literature, no study has examined both implicit and explicit memory processes involving cocaine related visual information in the same cocaine user, (b) neural mechanisms underlying implicit and explicit memory processes for cocaine-related visual cues have not been directly investigated in cocaine users in the imaging literature, and (c) none of the previous imaging studies has examined connectivity between the memory system and craving system in the brain of chronic users of cocaine. Finally, future directions in the field of cocaine addiction are suggested.

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