Cognitive Deficits Feature of Male with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Based on the Study of WISC-IV
Wenqing Jiang, Yan Li, Yasong Du* and Juan Fan
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Shanghai Mental Health Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yasong Du
Department of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Shanghai Mental Health Center, School of Medicine
Shanghai, Jiaotong University, No. 600
Wanping Road, Shanghai 200030, China
Tel: +86 021 64387250-3420
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E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 16, 2015; Accepted Date: February 12, 2015; Published Date: February 21, 2015
Citation: Jiang W, Li Y, Du Y, Fan J (2015) Cognitive Deficits Feature of Male with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Based on the Study of WISC-IV. J Psychiatry 18:252. doi: 10.4172/Psychiatry.1000252
Copyright: © 2015 Jiang W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Objective: This study aims to explore the characteristics of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the Fourth Edition of Wechsler Intelligence (WISC-IV).
Methods: The boys with ADHD were tested by WISC-IV, and the comparisons with healthy children were performed.
Results: The total IQ, (t=-4.964, P<0.001), general ability index (t=-2.443, P=0.016) and cognitive efficiency index (t=-5.810, P<0.001) of the study group were significantly lower than that of the control group, of which, the working memory (t=-5.354, P<0.001), processing speed (t=-4.593, P<0.001) and its various sub-tests scores of the subscales for cognitive processing efficiency index were significantly lower than that of the control group. The incidence of the "relatively low cognitive efficiency" feature of the study group (69.23%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (46.15%) (χ2=6.923, P=0.009). The performance of the learning factor in the study group was correlated with the total IQ and working memory of WISC.
Conclusions: Children with ADHD have intellectual characteristics of relatively low cognitive efficiency.