alexa Colony Genetic Organization and Breeding Pattern of Subterranean Termite (Reticulitermes flavipes) over the Three Field Seasons in Nebraska, U.S.A
ISSN: 2161-0983

Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research
Open Access

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Research Article

Colony Genetic Organization and Breeding Pattern of Subterranean Termite (Reticulitermes flavipes) over the Three Field Seasons in Nebraska, U.S.A

Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid1*, Shripat T Kamble2 and Hong Chen3

1Household and Structural Urban Entomology Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia

2Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0816, USA

3USDA-ARS, 118 Keim Hall, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0937, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Abdul Hafiz Ab Majid
School of Biological Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, 11800, Penang, Malaysia
Tel: (604) 6534893
Email: [email protected]

Received date: March 12, 2014; Accepted date: July 06, 2014; Published date: July 09, 2014

Citation: Ab Majid AH, Kamble ST, Chen H (2014) Colony Genetic Organization and Breeding Pattern of Subterranean Termite (Reticulitermes flavipes) over the Three Field Seasons in Nebraska, U.S.A. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 3:133. doi: 10.4172/2161-0983.1000133

Copyright: © 2014 Ab Majid AH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



In this study, we repeated sampling from individual eight colonies from Wilderness Park, Lincoln, Nebraska separated by at least 200 meters over a three years period and during seasonal change (fall-winter) from 2009 to 2011. Ten workers from each site were genotyped at seven microsatellite loci. The results show that 62.5% of simple family colonies converted into mixed family after a year. The overall breeding pattern of the eight colonies changed from simple to mixed family colonies throughout the three years and back to simple family colonies type during the transition from fall to winter in 2010. F-statistics and relatedness analysis showed that the colony founded by unrelated pair of reproductives have high relatedness value (r>0.85) within colony. Our data indicated that termite colonies could form through the colonies fusion over time under natural conditions and probably could be influenced by seasonal temperature change.


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