alexa Coming National Program of Epidemiological Survey for Trachoma in China: Prevalence of Trachoma in Northern China | OMICS International
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Coming National Program of Epidemiological Survey for Trachoma in China: Prevalence of Trachoma in Northern China

Zhou Yumei1,2, Sun Xuguang1*, Wang Zhiqun1, Li Ran1 and Ren Zhe1
1Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Lab, Beijing, China, 100005 (Zhou Yumei is a postgraduate student)
2Yangfangdian Hospital, Beijing, China, 100038
Co-first authors: Zhou yumei, Sun xuguang. They contributed to the work equllly and should be regarded as co-first authors
Corresponding Author : Sun Xuguang
MD, Ph.D, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology
Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital
Capital Medical University
Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Lab
17 Hou Gou Lane, Chong Nei Street, Beijing, China
Tel: 86-10-58265935
Fax: 86-10-65125617
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 30, 2013; Accepted August 13, 2013; Published August 19, 2013
Citation: Yumei Z, Xuguang S, Zhiqun W, Ran L, Zhe R (2013) Coming National Program of Epidemiological Survey for Trachoma in China: Prevalence of Trachoma in Northern China. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 4:290. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000290
Copyright: © 2013 Yumei Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for trachoma among primary school children in three north districts of China.

Methods: The survey was carried out in three north districts of China (Wuqiang county of Hebei province, Yinchuan city of Ningxia Huizu province, and Datong city of Shanxi province). Chester sampling survey was employed in this study. The general state of health and case history of those children were recorded. Sanitation status and habits of both respondent and household, knowledge of health-related issues and the condition of inhabitancy were also questioned. Trachoma was clinically diagnosed according to the simplified classification for trachoma proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). At the same time, Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) when the child was clinically diagnosed as trachoma.

Results: In Wuqiang county, out of 1622 primary school children, 333 children were clinically diagnosed as trachoma and the prevalence of trachoma was 20.5% (95%CI 18.5% to 22.5%). In Yinchuan city, out of 1883 primary school children, 577 children were diagnosed as trachoma and the prevalence was 30.6% (95% CI 28.6% to 32.7%). Out of 1236 primary school children in Datong city, 135 person of trachoma were found, the prevalence of trachoma was 10.9% (95%CI 9.2%-12.6%). The prevalence of trachoma in primary school children from countryside is higher than that in cities (P<0.01). The positive rate of PCR for C. trachomatis was 64.9% (in 333), 48.9% (in 577), and 63.7% (in 135) in the 3 districts respectively. Narrow living condition, short of clean water and poor personal sanitation habits, and poor knowledge of trachoma were the independent risk factors for active trachoma.

Conclusions: Trachoma is still now a remarkable eye health problem in north China. It is necessary to have a nationwide survey for the prevalence of whole country and evaluate mass interventions, both medical and educational, in the community.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version