Comparative Analysis of Performance and Emission Parameters of A C.I. Engine Fuelled With Different Blends Of Biodiesel Derived From Mahua Oil And Waste Cooking Oil
Now a day the world is facing the duel crises of fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation. From the point of view of global environment protection and the concern for long-term supplies of conventional diesel fuels, it becomes necessary to develop alternative fuels comparable with conventional fuels. Alternative fuels should be, not only sustainable but also environmentally friendly. Biodiesel is a safe alternative fuel to replace traditional petroleum diesel. The present study focuses on comparison of performance and emission of a 4-stroke CI engine run on three different biodiesels viz. MOME, MOEE and WCOME separately. A single cylinder four stroke diesel engine (Kirloskar) was tested at full load with the blended fuel at the rated speed of 1500 rpm. MOME, MOEE and WCME blended with diesel in proportions of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, by volume and pure diesel were used as fuel. Engine performance (specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, and Brake power) and exhaust emission (HC, CO, CO2 and Nox) were measured to evaluate and compute the behavior of the diesel engine running on biodiesel. The engine test result shows higher brake thermal efficiency and lower NOx Emission in case of methyl ester of Mahua oil compared to other two fuels i.e. MOEE and WCOME.