Comparing Substance Use And Violence Among Adolescents Recruited From an Urban Emergency Department: Does Parenting Status Matter?
- *Corresponding Author:
- Rikki A Patton
School of Counseling, College of Health Professions
University of Akron, 114 Chima, 27 S. Forge St, Ohio 44325, Akron, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 03, 2015; Accepted June 11, 2015; Published June 16, 2015
Citation: Patton R, Cunningham RM, Carter PM, Walton AM (2015) Comparing Substance Use And Violence Among Adolescents Recruited From an Urban Emergency Department: Does Parenting Status Matter? J Alcohol Drug Depend 3:209. doi:10.4172/2329-6488.1000209
Copyright: © 2015 Patton R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The current study examined the prevalence rates of adolescent parents and the association between parenting status (parents, non-parents who are sexually active and non-parents who are not sexually active), substance use and violence among adolescents recruited from an urban emergency department (ED). Objectives: Understanding the association between adolescent parenting status, substance use, and violence may help inform prevention and intervention strategies for working with parenting and non-parenting adolescents. Methods: Youth ages 14-18 years (n=2,289) presenting for care to an urban ED completed a brief computerized, self-administered survey that assessed parenting status and other demographic information, substance use, violence, and sexual risk behaviors. Results: Among participants, 8.4% reporting being parents. Over 1/3 of adolescent parents reported tobacco, alcohol and/or marijuana use and carrying a weapon and over half reported peer violence. Regression analysis suggested that both adolescent parents and sexually active youth reported increased marijuana use and weapon carriage as compared to non-sexually active youth. Conclusions: Future prevention and intervention protocols should consider the parenting status of youth, and the potential impact that their substance use behaviors and weapon carriage could have on their children.