Comparison of Glycemic Control Indicators and Safety Evaluation during Linagliptin Treatment over 6 Months in Japanese Type 2 Diabetic Patients with and without NephropathyMasami Tanaka*, Takeshi Nishimura, Risa Sekioka, Toshihide Kawai, Shu Meguro, Junichiro Irie, Yoshifumi Saisho and Hiroshi Itoh
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Masami Tanaka
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine
Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku
Tokyo 160- 8582, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 01, 2016 Accepted date: February 16, 2016 Published date: February 23, 2016
Citation: Tanaka M, Nishimura T, Sekioka R, Kawai T, Meguro S, et al. (2016) Comparison of Glycemic Control Indicators and Safety Evaluation during Linagliptin Treatment over 6 Months in Japanese Type 2 Diabetic Patients with and without Nephropathy. J Diabetes Metab 7:648. doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000648
Copyright: © 2016 Tanaka M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: This retrospective study was undertaken to compare hemoglobin A1c and glycoalbumin levels as glycemic control indicators during linagliptin treatment in diabetic patients with or without nephropathy. The efficacy and safety of linagliptin were also examined. Methods: The subjects were 127 outpatients with type 2 diabetes, including 69 patients with nephropathy. The hypoglycemic effect of linagliptin and the factors contributing to its hypoglycemic effect were examined. Several clinical parameters were compared before and after the initiation of linagliptin to evaluate the drug’s safety. Results: Linagliptin significantly decreased hemoglobin A1c and glycoalbumin levels at 3 and 6 months after treatment initiation. At 6 months, changes in hemoglobin A1c levels from baseline were strongly correlated with changes in glycoalbumin levels in diabetic patients with and without nephropathy. Changes in hemoglobin A1c and glycoalbumin at 6 months were significantly greater in patients with higher baseline values and shorter diabetes duration. Linagliptin decreased both hemoglobin A1c and glycoalbumin levels, irrespective of the baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate. No changes in clinical parameters thought to indicate adverse events were noted. Conclusions: Glycoalbumin is an equivalent glycemic control indicator and predictor to hemoglobin A1c during linagliptin treatment. Linagliptin is safe and effective in diabetic patients with or without nephropathy.