Comparison of Risk Factors Frequencies of Hepatitis C in Two ProvincesOzgur Dagli*
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences, Bursa, Turkey
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Ozgur Dagli
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology
University of Health Sciences, Bursa, Turkey
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 19, 2016; Accepted Date: November 01, 2016; Published Date: November 08, 2016
Citation: Dagli O (2016) Comparison of Risk Factors Frequencies of Hepatitis C in Two Provinces. J Infect Dis Preve Med 4:141. doi: 10.4172/2329-8731.1000141
Copyright: © 2016 Dagli O. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Risk factors for transmission routes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) may vary in countries like Turkey which has geographical, cultural and socioeconomical differences among regions. In this study data from two provinces of Turkey were analysed to evaluate and compare the risk factors frequencies of HCV. From 2007 through 2014, a total of anti-HCV positive 90 patients from Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Research and Training Hospital located in the west region of Turkey and 100 patients from Kilis State Hospital located in the south east part were included in the study to compare risk factors of HCV infection. Patients were questioned about history of dental treatment, hospitalization, blood transfusion, surgical operation and intravenous drug use which are major risk factors for transmission of HCV. Overall history of previous dental treatment was the most prevalent risk factor in both provinces followed by hospitalization, blood transfusion and operation. The use of intravenous drugs was higher in Kilis with a statistically significant difference. In every patient at least one risk factor was present. Although Kilis has a conservative community and lower socio economical level, this unexpected observation may be related to reflections of border trade of drugs on society. Thus preventive measures should be taken, considering socioeconomical differences among regions.