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ISSN: 2165-7939

Journal of Spine
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  • Review Article   
  • J Spine 2017, Vol 6(6): 402
  • DOI: 10.4172/2165-7939.1000402

Complications of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: Experiences and Literature Review

Bin Zhu1, Yi Jiang2, Lanpu Shang1, Ming Yan3, Hai-Jun Ma4, Da-Jiang Ren5 and Xiao-Guang Liu1*
1Department of Orthopaedics, Pain Management Center, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, PR China
2Department of Orthopaedics, Beijing Haidian Section, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, PR China
3Department of Spine, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, PR China
4Disc Disease Center, Third People’s Hospital of Henan Province, , Zhengzhou, PR China
5Department of Orthopaedics, People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, , Beijing, PR China
*Corresponding Author : Xiao-Guang Liu, Department of Orthopaedics, Pain Management Center, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, PR China, Tel: +8613488737864, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Dec 06, 2017 / Accepted Date: Dec 18, 2017 / Published Date: Dec 23, 2017

Abstract

Study design: A retrospective clinical review.
Purpose: To explore the type, morbidity, risk factors and treatment strategies of postoperative complication following percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) surgery.
Overview of literature: PELD became one of the main operation methods for degenerative lumbar diseases, including disc herniation, stenosis and discogenic low back pain. However, complications following PELD surgery are a considerable challenge for spinal surgeons and seldom addressed publicly.
Methods: 10120 patients after PELD surgery were studied. These surgeries were finished by 6 surgeons from 3 main minimal invasive spine centers from January 2012 to June 2017. Most of patients are regularly followed up to explore the type, morbidity, risk factors and treatment strategies of postoperative complication following PELD surgery.
Results: There are 2 patients died in the perioperative period and 2 patients with permanent impairment of neural function after surgery, which should be the severest complication of PELD surgery. Transient paresthesia, intraoperative bleeding and dura sac tear are the most common complications reported by 6 surgeons. There are 2 suspected cases of postoperative hematoma, several cases of surgical instruments broken during the surgery and 20 cases of infection in 10120 patients, regarded as rare complications of PELD. Recurrence rate of PELD surgery is 4.7% to 6% reported by 3 surgeons. However, recurrence defined as complications of PELD surgery remain controversial.
Conclusion: Excellent clinical outcome of large case series after PELD surgery is reported. However, we need to face the limitations and complications of the surgery. The complication rate should be reduced by caring about the treatment, surgical indications strictly selected and the guidance of experienced surgeons.

Keywords: Discectomy; Percutaneous; Endoscopy; Postoperative complications; Risk factors; Retrospective studies

Citation: Zhu B, Jiang Y, Shang L, Yan M, Ma HJ, et al. (2017) Complications of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: Experiences and Literature Review. J Spine 6: 402. Doi: 10.4172/2165-7939.1000402

Copyright: © 2017 Zhu B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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