alexa Comprehensive Review on the Biodiesel Production using Solid Acid Heterogeneous Catalysts
ISSN: 2157-7544

Journal of Thermodynamics & Catalysis
Open Access

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Review Article

Comprehensive Review on the Biodiesel Production using Solid Acid Heterogeneous Catalysts

Nikolaos Diamantopoulos1, Dionisios Panagiotaras1 and Dimitrios Nikolopoulos2*
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Western Greece, M. Alexandrou 1, 263 34 Patras, Greece
2Department of Electronic Computer Systems Engineering, Technological Education Institute (TEI) of Piraeus, Petrou Ralli and Thivon 250, 122 44 Aigaleo, Greece
Corresponding Author : Dr. Dimitrios Nikolopoulos
Department of Electronic Computer Systems
Engineering, Technological Education
Institute (TEI) of Piraeus, Petrou Ralli and
Thivon 250, 122 44 Aigaleo, Greece
Tel: +0030-210-5381110
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 19, 2015; Accepted April 10, 2015; Published April 17, 2015
Citation: Diamantopoulos N, Panagiotaras D, Nikolopoulos D (2015) Comprehensive Review on the Biodiesel Production using Solid Acid Heterogeneous Catalysts. J Thermodyn Catal 6:143. doi:10.4172/2157-7544.1000143
Copyright: © 2015 Diamantopoulos N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Biodiesel can be produced by domestic resources like straight vegetable oil, animal oil/fats, tallow and waste cooking oil. Its use, instead of the conventional diesel, contributes to the reduction of the CO2 emissions. Production of biodiesel occurring from base catalyzed transesterification of the oil, direct acid catalyzed transesterification of the oil and/or conversion of the oil to its fatty acids and then to biodiesel. Two types of catalytic mechanisms can be used for the biodiesel production. These are the homogenous and heterogeneous catalytic processes. However, heterogeneous catalysis can be identified as solid and enzymatic. In addition solid heterogeneous catalysts can be classified as acid or base. Ηeterogeneous solid acid catalysts are of a great importance for biodiesel production. The most known catalysts of this type are zeolites, mixed oxides, sulfonic acid group catalysts, sulfonic acid modified mesoporus silica, heteropoly acids and polyoxonetalates, supported and substituted heteropoly acids and solid acids catalysts based in waste carbon. The major advantages of this type of catalysts are their reusability, their non-toxic and non-corrosive attributes as well as decrement of the biodiesel production cost.

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