alexa Concepts of Etiologies and Effects of Normal Human Knee Pressure Variations | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0940

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Concepts of Etiologies and Effects of Normal Human Knee Pressure Variations

William O Irvine*

Department of orthopedic, University of Indianapolis, USA

*Corresponding Author:
William O Irvin
University of Indianapolis
Department of orthopedic
Nashville, Hanna Ave USA
Tel: 81-2988-0544
Fax: 81-2988-6862;
E-mail: mailto:[email protected]

Received date: December 22, 2014; Accepted date: March 10, 2015; Published date: March 12, 2015

Citation: Irvine WO (2015) Concepts of Etiologies and Effects of Normal Human Knee Pressure Variations. Anat Physiol 5:172. doi:10.4172/2161-0940.1000172

Copyright: © 2015 Irvine WO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Etiologies of pressure variations in the human knee have not been established. Most contend that condylar cartilage nutrition is primarily achieved through diffusion. This remains unsettled. Methods: Proposed etiologies are revealed through studies by others on knees of rabbits, dogs, and humans, as well as clinical examination and evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Volume studies of the normal knee infra-patellar fat pad reveal that when moving from 0° to 35°, substantial volumes of gross loculated mostly peri-patellar-femoral synovial fluid is discovered. Accordingly, the volume of infra-patellar fat pad plus its associated synovial fluid increases 22.6%. Conclusion: Knee pressure variations during motion are fundamental. They are caused by macro-anatomic changes of the knee while functioning as a bellows. The knee is closed except that arterial blood enters and venous blood as well as lymph exit in response to intrinsic pressure-volume changes with motion. In addition to experiencing motion and load transfer, the knee is a hydraulic pump that by moving fluids in and out as well as within itself is primary in condylar cartilage nutrition. Proposed physiologic benefits of knee pressure variation in addition to condylar cartilage nutrition include joint stability and vascular flow. Clinical relevance: Given active trans-synovial hydrodynamic solute loaded fluid flow is primary in anabolic and catabolic condylar cartilage nutrition, new considerations may be offered while investigating enigmatic auto-immune synovitides.

Keywords

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version