alexa Conclusive Evidence for Human Transneuronal Retrograde Degeneration in the Visual System
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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Review Article

Conclusive Evidence for Human Transneuronal Retrograde Degeneration in the Visual System

Holly Bridge1* and Gordon T. Plant2
1FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
2The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, UK
Corresponding Author : Dr. Holly Bridge
FMRIB Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital
Oxford, OX3 0LN, UK
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 12, 2011; Accepted May 23, 2012; Published May 30, 2012
Citation: Bridge H, Plant GT (2012) Conclusive Evidence for Human Transneuronal Retrograde Degeneration in the Visual System. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol S3:003. doi: 10.4172/2155-9570-S3-003
Copyright: © 2012 Bridge H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

For several decades there was controversy concerning the existence of transneuronal retrograde degeneration in the human visual system in spite of a substantial body of data indicating this degeneration in certain species of nonhuman primate. Over the past few years, however, compelling evidence both from human magnetic resonance imaging and optical coherence tomography has shown conclusively transneuronal retrograde degeneration in both the white matter of the optic tract and in the ganglion cells of the retina. In this review the evidence for primate degeneration and degeneration in non-visual human neural systems are discussed before the presentation of the recent human data.

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