alexa Concussion and Concurrent Cognitive and Sport-specific Task Performance in Youth Ice Hockey Players: A Single-case Pilot Study
ISSN: 2155-9562

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology
Open Access

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Research Article

Concussion and Concurrent Cognitive and Sport-specific Task Performance in Youth Ice Hockey Players: A Single-case Pilot Study

Nick Reed1-3*, Philippe Fait4, Karl Zabjek1,5, Bradford McFadyen6,7, Tim Taha8 and Michelle Keightley1,2,3

1Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Canada

2Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada

3Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Science, University of Toronto, Canada

4Department of Physical Activity Science, University du Québec á Trois-Rivières, Canada

5Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada

6Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Canada

7Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Canada

8Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Canada

Corresponding Author:
Nick Reed
Bloorview Research Institute
Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Canada
Tel: 416.425.6220 ext 3861
Fax: 416.425.1634
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 20, 2013; Accepted date: November 18, 2013; Published date: November 26, 2013

Citation: Reed N, Fait P, Zabjek K, McFadyen B, Taha T (2013) Concussion and Concurrent Cognitive and Sport-specific Task Performance in Youth Ice Hockey Players: A Single-case Pilot Study. J Neurol Neurophysiol 4:171. doi:10.4172/2155-9562.1000171

Copyright: © 2013 Reed N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Concussion is common in the sport of ice hockey and can cause deficits in cognitive function.
In most situations, ice hockey participation requires the performance of more than one skill at a time. It has been
reported that following concussion in athletes, performance deficits arise when locomotor and cognitive tasks are
performed concurrently that may have otherwise gone unnoticed if assessed in isolation of one another. The purpose
of this pilot study was to explore the effect of concussion on cognition during concurrent ice hockey specific tasks in
youth ice hockey players.
Methods: This single case pilot study compared the performance of 4 male youth ice hockey players who
had experienced a concussion in the previous ice hockey season (mean age=11.7 ± 0.3 years; mean time since
injury=92.5 ± 49.1 days) to a group of 10 non-injured controls (mean age=11.8 ± 0.8 years). Participants completed
a randomized combination of three ice hockey specific tasks while concurrently completing a visual interference task
(modified Stroop task).
Results: Participants who experienced a concussion within the previous ice hockey season and were ≤ 58 days
post-injury demonstrated significantly poorer cognitive performance (increased cognitive dual task cost) across all
conditions when completing the visual interference task concurrently with ice hockey specific skills (p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion: This study acts as an initial step towards the development of a sport-specific assessment of
functional performance following concussion in youth ice hockey players to help inform safer return to play.

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