Conformational Preferences of 2-Acylpyrroles in Light of FT-IR and DFT Studies
|Alina T Dubis*|
|Institute of Chemistry, University of BiaÅystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 BiaÅystok, Poland|
|Corresponding Author :||Alina T Dubis
Institute of Chemistry
University Of BiaÅystok
Institute of Chemistry
Al. PiÅsudskiego 11/4
BiaÅystok, 15-443, Poland
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received July 15, 2014; Accepted August 11, 2014; Published August 13, 2014|
|Citation: Dubis AT (2014) Conformational Preferences of 2-Acylpyrroles in Light of FT-IR and DFT Studies. J Phys Chem Biophys 4:155. doi:10.4172/2161-0398.1000155|
|Copyright: © 2014 Dubis AT. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Conformations of alpha-substituted pyrroles have been effectively studied using spectroscopic methods assisted by theoretical calculations developed in the recent decade. The question of how to effectively study the conformation of 2-acylpyrrole no longer remains unanswered. The detailed spectroscopic studies conducted in the last decade and interpreted on the basis of theoretical calculations provide a satisfactory answer to that question. Based on the Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations of conformational properties of 2-acylpyrroles, for which two stable rotameric forms were predicted, syn and anti-conformers have been studied either by experimental or theoretical methods. The family of 2-acylpyrroles have both a proton donor N-H group and a proton acceptor C=O group. This structure favors the formation of doubly hydrogen-bonded cyclic dimers connected by two N-H...O=C bonds. The tendency to form cyclic dimers stabilizes the syn-conformation. Due to these properties 2-acylpyrroles can be used as structural models for the conformational analysis of peptides.
This review summarizes recent investigations of conformations of 2-acylpyrroles, with a particular emphasis on the hydrogen bonds forming within these systems. The influence of 2-substitution on different aspects of stability of these molecular systems and the usefulness of infrared spectroscopy supported by theoretical calculations in H-bonds and conformational studies are discussed. Among the molecular properties hydrogen bond energy, structural characteristics such as C=O bond length of dimers and unique spectral features of 2-acylpyrroles that can be used to predict and investigate the conformation and structure of proteins are considered.