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Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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Case Report

Congenital Asplenia Revealed by Streptococcus oralis septicemia: Case Report

Mouna EL Fane*, Mustapha Sodqi, Latifa Marih, Abdelfattah Chakib and Kamal Marhoum El Filali

Department of Infectious Diseases, UHC Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco

*Corresponding Author:
Mouna EL Fane
Department of Infectious Diseases, UHC Ibn Rochd
Casablanca, Morocco
Tel: 212 660832362
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 01, 2017; Accepted date: May 16, 2017; Published date: May 23, 2017

Citation: EL Fane M, Sodqi M, Marih L, Chakib A, El Filali KM (2017) Congenital Asplenia Revealed by Streptococcus oralis septicemia: Case Report. J Antimicrob Agents 3:142. doi:10.4172/2472-1212.1000142

Copyright: © 2017 EL Fane M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Congenital asplenia is a rare life-threatening condition, often presenting with sepsis caused by encapsulated pathogens. It may arise as part of situs abnormalities or result from an unrelated specific defect of spleen development. Isolated congenital asplenia is a very rare condition. We report a case of asplenia revealed by severe sepsis and multi-organ failure in a previously healthy 25-year-old male how had never undergone any surgical procedures. Blood cultures grew Streptococcus oralis four days after admission. Computed tomography revealed pneumonia and asplenia. The patient was finally diagnosed as Streptococcal sepsis revealing isolated congenital asplenia. Cephalosporin and levofloxacin were administered and the patient died following cardiopulmonary arrests. No family history for this condition was reported. Clinicians should pay attention to the congenital asplenia in Streptococcal disease, particularly in the event of overwhelming sepsis. In affected individuals, the use of appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis and immunisations could save lives.

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