alexa Conotoxins: Possible Therapeutic Measure for Huntingtons Disease | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6895

Journal of Neurological Disorders
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

Conotoxins: Possible Therapeutic Measure for Huntingtons Disease

Pallavi Bhosle* and Sawarkar Vaibhav
Department of Pharmacology, Sinhgad College of Pharmacy and Post Graduate Research centre, Vadgaon, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India
Corresponding Author : Pallavi Bhosle
Sinhgad Education Socitiety’s
Sinhgad College of Pharmacy and Post Graduate Research Centre
Survey no. 44/1, off Sinhgad road, Vadgaon (BK)
Pune, 411041, Maharashtra, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 30, 2013; Accepted August 23, 2013; Published August 26, 2013
Citation: Bhosle P, Vaibhav S (2013) Conotoxins: Possible Therapeutic Measure for Huntingtons Disease. J Neurol Disord 1:129. doi: 10.4172/2329-6895.1000129
Copyright: © 2013 Bhosle P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google

Abstract

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a genetic disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance with progressive degeneration of neurons. It is characterized by affective, cognitive, behavioral, and motor dysfunctions. 3 nitropropionic acid is well established animal model which initiates a complex series of neurochemical and signaling changes that lead to pathological events including neuronal excitotoxicity by excessive glutamate release, neuroinflammation and energy impairment. Excitotoxins like NMDA and kainic acid which binds to these receptors to release high levels of glutamate that can cause excitotoxicity by allowing high levels of calcium ions (Ca2+) to enter the cell. Ca2+ influx into cells activates a number of enzymes, including phospholipases, endonucleases, and proteases such as calpain. These enzymes increase apoptosis, oxidative stress and energy impairment thereby causing mitochondrial dysfunctions and go on to damage neuronal structures. The toxic venom used by the cone shells called conotoxin contains up to 50 different peptides that selectively inhibit the function of ion channels and excitatory amino acid receptors such as NMDA involved in the transmission of nerve signals in animals representing an extensive array of ion channel blockers each showing a high degree of selectivity for particular types of channels. Conotoxins selectively target a range of ion channels and NMDA receptors, making them widely useful tool for probing nervous system function. Here we hypothize the protective effect of conotoxins, from genus Conus geographus named w-conotoxin and conantoxin, against excitotoxic neuronal cell death using 3 NP induced Huntington’s model.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7