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ISSN: 2380-5439

Journal of Health Education Research & Development
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Research Article

Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana

Eric Worlanyo Deffor*
University of Ghana Business School, Department of Organization and Human Resource Management Legon, Accra-Ghana West Africa
Corresponding Author : Eric Worlanyo Deffor
University of Ghana Business School
Department of Organization and Human Resource Management P.O.Box LG 78
Legon, Accra-Ghana West Africa
Tel: 233-20-455-5346
E-mail:[email protected]
Received May 15, 2014; AcceptedJune 30, 2014; Published July 02, 2014
Citation: Deffor EW (2014) Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. J Biosafety Health Educ 2:116. doi:10.4172/2332-0893.1000118
Copyright: 2014 Deffor EW. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Genetic Modification (GM) is a rapidly growing technology that can improve productivity and profitability for producers. The study assessed consumer acceptance of GM foods in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The study is based on a survey conducted in three districts of the Greater Accra Region namely, Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA), Ga East (GE) and Tema Metropolitan Assembly (TMA) using purposive sampling method. A qualitative choice (Logit) model was used to estimate the effect of various factors on consumer acceptance of GM foods. The results obtained showed that, about 90% of the respondents had heard or read something about GM foods indicating a high level awareness among respondents’ in the Greater Accra Region. The results also show that 85% of the respondents were willing to accept GM foods. From the logit model, consumers with age groups 31-40 and above 50 years, were more likely to accept
GM foods in the study area where as male respondents were less likely to accept GMFs. In addition, respondents with secondary and tertiary levels of education were likely to accept GM foods. Household size 1 to 5, reading product labels as well as understanding of science and technology were also significant variables in explaining consumer acceptance of GM foods in the Greater Accra Region. Obviously awareness and education was shown to be a necessary condition for acceptability of GM foods. The recommendation of this study is to promote effective education about the benefits of GM foods to increase the potential for acceptance.

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