Consummated Suicides among Barcelonas (Spain) Residents According to the Territorial Distribution of Family Income and Population Density (2012-2014)
Mercè Subirana-Domènech*, Helena Martínez–Alcázar and Yobanka Toledo-Gallego
Centre de Patologia Forense, Ciutat de la Justícia, Edifici G, 5ª planta, Gran Via 111, 08075 Barcelona, Spain
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mercè Subirana Domènech
Centre de Patologia Forense, Ciutat de la Justícia
Edifici G, 5ª planta, Gran Via 111, 08075 Barcelona, Spain
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 09, 2015; Accepted date: February 01, 2016; Published date: February 08, 2016
Citation: Domènech MS, Alcázar HM, Gallego YT (2016) Consummated Suicides among Barcelona’s (Spain) Residents According to the Territorial Distribution of Family Income and Population Density (2012-2014). J Forensic Med 1:105. doi:10.4172/2472-1026.1000105
Copyright: © 2016 Domenech MS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: The aim of this study is to present an overview of socio-economic inequalities in suicide mortality among neighbourhoods in Barcelona according to territorial distribution of family income and population density during the period ranging from 2012 to 2014.
Material and methods: 278 accomplished suicides were related to territorial distribution of family income and population density during the period ranging from 2012 to 2014. The rate of the territorial distribution of family income was less than 100 in the poorest neighbourhoods and more than 100 in wealthier neighbourhoods and the population average was 22.417 inhabitants according to our Council data.
Results: In the poorest neighbourhoods 169 suicides occurred (60.79%) and in the richest neighbourhoods 109 (39.21%) (p<0.03). According to neighbourhoods with lower than average population density, the number of suicides were 65, (23.38 %) higher than the average population density 213, (76.61%) (p<0.001). The coefficient correlation was 0.16 (highly correlated).
Conclusion: According to previous research, resources for suicide prevention should be targeted to high poverty/ deprivation areas, incorporating socio-economic disadvantage in prevention policy.