alexa Consumption of Bone Mineral Density-Associated Nutrients, and Their Food Sources in Pre-school Japanese Children
ISSN: 2376-1318

Vitamins & Minerals
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Research Article

Consumption of Bone Mineral Density-Associated Nutrients, and Their Food Sources in Pre-school Japanese Children

Sumiko Hayase1,2, Yoshiko Kumagai3, Rika Shoji2, Sumie Nakahashi2, Yuko Tokudome2* and Katsumi Yamanaka2
1Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nagoya Gakusen Junior College, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
2Graduate School of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences, Nisshin, Aichi, Japan
3School of Nutritional Sciences, Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences, Nisshin, Aichi, Japan
Corresponding Author : Yuko Tokudome, RD, PhD
Graduate School of Nutritional Sciences
Nagoya University of Arts and Sciences
57, Takenoyama, Iwasaki-cho, Nisshin
Aichi 470-0196, Japan
Tel: +81-561-75-2192
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 18, 2015; Accepted December 06, 2015; Published December 16, 2015
Citation: Hayase S, Kumagai Y, Shoji R, Nakahashi S, Tokudome Y, et al. (2015) Consumption of Bone Mineral Density-Associated Nutrients, and Their Food Sources in Pre-school Japanese Children. Vitam Miner 4:133. doi:10.4172/2376-1318.1000133
Copyright: © 2015 Hayase S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

In order to fortify bone mineral density (BMD), and to prevent osteoporosis in the future, we investigated consumption of BMD-associated nutrients, and their food sources of pre-school Japanese children. Intakes of minerals (calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus) and vitamins (vitamin D, vitamin K, and vitamin C) were studied based on two weekdays dietary record surveys together with photos taken by 84 parents/caregivers of 5-year-old children. Food sources of relevant nutrients were identified according to contribution analyses, and potential associations of consumption of food sources with selected nutrients were investigated. We further conducted a multiple regression analysis to clarify food/ food groups providing calcium. Calcium consumption of approximately 40% of the subjects manifested an inadequacy, but intakes of other nutrients met the criteria of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Major food sources of calcium were milk and dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, soybeans, and other vegetables, and 50% of calcium was supplied by milk and dairy products. Other nutrients were provided by, various food/food items, including milk and dairy products, vegetables, soybeans, fruit, fish and shellfish, meat, eggs, potatoes, and algae. A multiple regression analysis also detected that milk and dairy products were top contributors of calcium intake. Because there was an obvious inadequate intake of calcium in Japanese children, they are advised to enhance consumption of calcium from milk and dairy products and BMD-related minerals and vitamins from green and yellow vegetables, and other vegetables at home. Pertinent nutrition education should be given to parents/caregivers for promotion of bone health.

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