Contraception among Medical and Paramedical Students in Cotonou, Benin in 2016: Knowledge and Practices
Josiane Angéline Tonato Bagnan1, Ogourindé Mathieu Ogoudjobi1, Mègnissè Sèna H S Lokossou1, Sourou C G Houndenou1, Achille Awadé Afoukou Obossou2*, Salifou Kabibou2, Fanny Maryline Nouessèwa Hounkponou Ahouingnan2, Rachidi Imorou Sidi2, Mahublo Vinadou Vodouhe2, Moufalilou Aboubakar2 and René Xavier Perrin1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Achille Awadé Afoukou Obossou
Obstetrician-Gynecologist, Faculty of Medicine
University of Parakou, Parakou, Benin
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 18, 2017; Accepted date: June 07, 2017; Published date: June 15, 2017
Citation: Bagnan JAT, Ogoudjobi OM, Lokossou MSHS, Houndenou SCG, Obossou AAA, et al. (2017) Contraception among Medical and Paramedical Students in Cotonou, Benin in 2016: Knowledge and Practices. Clinics Mother Child Health 14:262. doi: 10.4172/2090-7214.1000262
Copyright: © 2017 Bagnan JAT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Contraception is a mean of preventing unwanted pregnancies and thus prevents induced abortions and its complications.
Objective: To assess the knowledge and practices of future health workers on contraception.
Methods: This was a survey carried out in Cotonou (Benin) by the students of the Medical Training and Research Unit at the Faculty of Health Sciences (FSS) and the Institut Médico-Sanitary (INMeS).
Results: The survey involved 525 students, including 259 males and 266 females. The average age of students was 21 ± 2 years (15-31 years). Almost all students (9/10) had at least one contraceptive method. The rate of contraceptive use was 86.5%. The contraceptive method used by males students was the male condom, unlike females students who used natural methods and emergency contraception. The age, religion and marital status of the students had no influence on the use of contraception. The reasons for non-use of contraceptive methods were mainly the lack of knowledge about contraception (62.5%) and fear of side effects (20.0%).
Conclusion: Knowledge and practice of contraception are appreciable in medical and paramedical training in Cotonou.