Contributing Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity amongst HIV Infected Adults in Vihiga District Hospital, Vihiga Country
Lucy Amanya Mutuli*, Diana Chereno and Peter Bukhala
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mutuli LA
Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
Tel: +46 31 7864694
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 22, 2016; Accepted Date: September 28, 2016; Published Date: October 05, 2016
Citation: Mutuli LA, Chereno D, Bukhala P (2016) Contributing Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity amongst HIV Infected Adults in Vihiga District Hospital, Vihiga Country. HIV Curr Res 1: 114. doi: 10.4172/2572-0805.1000114
Copyright: © 2016 Mutuli LA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Overweight and obesity have become a health concern for both developed and developing countries with physical inactivity and unhealthy diet as its’ primary determinants. This has also been reported amongst HIV affected adults on ARVs. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine associated with prevalence of overweight and obesity amongst HIV infected adults enrolled in Comprehensive Care Clinic of Vihiga hospital, Vihiga County. Methods: This was a baseline survey conducted from May to July, 2016 amongst HIV infected adults enrolled at Vihiga hospital. Questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents with a mean age of 36 years, 42.9% males and 57.1% females. Findings: Approximately, 37.5% had high levels of nutritional knowledge while 30.4% and 32.1% had moderate and low levels of nutritional knowledge respectively. Approximately, 14.3% out of 23.2% of respondents with obesity assumed their weight as being healthy; 17.9% of obese respondents perceived that the community associated obesity with optimal health and 21.4% reported that the community associated thinness with HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: The key factors that contributed to the prevalence of obesity include misconceptions of individual perception about weight gain, low level of education and poor implementation of nutritional advice given.