alexa Conventional A.P.-Radiographs are not reliable in Detecting Acetabular and Proximal Femur Fractures in the Elderly
ISSN: 2329-9509

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity
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Research Article

Conventional A.P.-Radiographs are not reliable in Detecting Acetabular and Proximal Femur Fractures in the Elderly

Andreas Schicho* , Philipp Birk, Kevin Seeber, Peter H. Richter and Florian Gebhard
Department for Orthopaedic Trauma, Ulm University, Germany
Corresponding Author : Andreas Schicho
Department for Orthopaedic Trauma
Ulm University, Germany
Tel: +49 (0)731 500-54571
Fax: +49 (0)731 500-54502
Email: [email protected]
Received: May 20, 2015; Accepted: June 10, 2015; Published: June 17, 2015
Citation: Schicho A, Birk P, Seeber K, Richter PH, Gebhard F (2015) Conventional A.P.-Radiographs are not reliable in Detecting Acetabular and Proximal Femur Fractures in the Elderly. J Osteopor Phys Act 3:142. doi:10.4172/2329-9509.1000142
Copyright: © 2015 Schicho A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Blunt pelvic traumata are common injuries especially among elderly patients. It is well known, that standard x-ray diagnostics fail to detect all fractures. We set up a retrospective study to gain profound knowledge of the actual informative value of a single, plain a.p. pelvic radiograph in these injuries for detecting acetabular and proximal femoral fractures as a standardized starting point in the radiologic work-up. We analysed the radiological reports, all validated by a board certified radiologist, for patients aged 75 years and older who had a blunt pelvic trauma and had both a standard a.p. pelvic x-ray and pelvic CT scan in the emergency department over a 3-year period. In 233 patients aged 75 years and older, we found 35 acetabular fractures. The calculated specificity of the plain x-ray was high (97.3%), but sensitivity was rather low (66.6%). The positive and negative predictive value were 85.7% and 92.4%, respectively. The number of proximal femur fractures found in CT was comparable (n = 46; prevalence 19.8%). The calculated sensitivity was 82.6%, specificity 93.0%, positive predictive and negative predictive values were 74.5% and 95.6%. We thus recommend a CT scan of the pelvis whenever in doubt of the reliability of the a.p. x-ray, the mandatory clinical assessment is not sufficient or risk factors for fractures (osteoporosis, malignoma) are known.

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