alexa Coronary Heart Disease in a Remote Area
ISSN: 2155-9880

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

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Case Report

Coronary Heart Disease in a Remote Area

Ketut Suastika1*, Pande Dwipayana1, Made RatnaSaraswati1, Wira Gotera1, Anak Agung Gde Budhiarta1, Gusti Ngurah Putra Gunadi2, Ketut Badjra Nadha2, Wayan Wita2, Ketut Rina2, Anwar Santoso3, Safarina Malik4, Herawati Sudoyo4, Naemi Kajiwara5,6 and Hiroshi Taniguchi5,6
1Department of Internal Medicine, Udayana University Faculty of Medicine, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
2Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, Udayana University Faculty of Medicine, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
3Harapan Kita Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
4Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta, Indonesia
5Graduate School of Life Science, Kobe Women’s University, Kobe, Japan
6Visiting Professor at Udayana University Faculty of Medicine, Denpasar, Indonesia
Corresponding Author : Ketut Suastika
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Department of Internal Medicine
Udayana University Faculty of Medicine
Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Tel: +62811380916
Fax: +62361246656
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 07, 2012; Accepted April 27, 2012; Published April 29, 2012
Citation:Suastika K, Dwipayana P, Saraswati MR, Gotera W, Gde Budhiarta AA, et al. (2012) Coronary Heart Disease in a Remote Area. J Clin Exp Cardiolog S6:002 doi: 10.4172/2155-9880.S6-002
Copyright: © 2012 Suastika K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

A study on coronary heart disease (CHD) in a remote area, Ceningan Island,was conducted.The nutrition states based on BMI were underweight,19.3%; normoweight, 54.9%; and overweight at risk, 13.3%; obese I, 9.5%; and obese II, 3.0%. The prevalence of impaired fasting glycemia (IFG), 15.1%; diabetes mellitus (DM), 6.9%; metabolic syndrome (MetS), 6.8%; and CHD, 11.5%. Age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, levels of total cholesterol; low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, apolipoprotein (Apo)A, ApoB, Apo B/A ratio were found higher among subjects with old myocardial infarction (OMI) than subjects without CHD; while BMI and waist circumference were lower among subjects with OMI than subjects without CHD. Conclusion: traditional risk factors such as age, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and Apo were related to CHD in the remote area.

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