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Cost of Unaccounted for Water - An Empirical Study In Tamil Nadu | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
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Research Article

Cost of Unaccounted for Water - An Empirical Study In Tamil Nadu

Ramesh R1* and Narayanasamy N2*
1Department of Rural Development,Bahir Dar University,Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
2Gandhigram Rural University,Gandhigram – 624 302, Tamil Nadu, India
Corresponding Author : Dr. R Ramesh
Assistant Professor
Department of Rural Development
Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
  N Narayanasamy
Head, Department of Extension Education
Gandhigram Rural University
Gandhigram – 624 302
Tamil Nadu, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 27, 2010; Accepted October 14, 2010; Published October 14, 2010
Citation: Ramesh R, Narayanasamy N (2010) Cost Of Unaccounted For Water - An Empirical Study in Tamil Nadu. J Waste Water Treatment Analysis 1:103. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000103
Copyright: © 2010 Ramesh R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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In Tamil Nadu state, India, it is the responsibility of the state government to provide drinking water to every household. This is carried out through the lowest elected government at the village level. Of late, the government puts into practice concepts like Demand Driven Approach, which demands the community contribute financially for any social infrastructure to be created, including drinking water supply. This approach seems to give financial matters the overriding priority blinding all the other realities such as actual requirement as per technical standards, and responsibilities of Operation and Maintenance etc. That means being able to contribute financially puts the local community in a position to get water supply infrastructure even excessive of the technical norms. This results in excessive draft of ground water resulting in wastage of fresh water. Especially in a piped water supply system, the water pumped from the ground whether they are used or wasted has an economic value – as this is a service provided using electric power. It is found through an empirical study that the community is insensitive to the cost of water wasted. This study conducted in 17 villages found that all the 17 Village Panchayats (village administrative units) put together, on an average 35 per cent of the water pumped is either excessively used or wasted. It means merely by being judicious in the use of water, each Panchayat has the potential of saving approximately one-third of the expenses incurred on water service delivery. The research paper elaborates this point.

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